Mild, starchy, low-fiber foods like those on the BRAT diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, toast) are binding, which can increase stool volume and help you get rid of diarrhea quickly. you can also tryProbiotics, glutamine preparations, or home remedies such as herbal teas and rice water.
There are also over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medicines that can help stop diarrhea quickly.
However, keep in mind that diarrhea caused by viruses or bacteria usually goes away on its own within two to three days.
This article explains what to eat and drink (and what to avoid) to beat diarrhea. It also explains which medicines and home remedies can help stop diarrhea.
food for diarrhea
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases recommends against restricting your diet to treat diarrhea. However, that doesn't mean all foods are created equal in your situation.
Mild, low-fiber and fermented foods are best.
aldultCan tryBRAT dietStop diarrhea naturally.
The diet consists of four light, low-fiber foods:
These foods can help your stools become firmer. They are also helpful if you vomit, as their mild smell is less likely to cause nausea. Bananas are especially helpful because they also restore potassium lost during bowel movements.
The BRAT diet is extremely restrictive and may not provide adequate nutrition. that's why it isNot recommended for children。
Adults should only follow the BRAT diet for a whileshort termAs symptoms improve, add more bland but nutrient-dense foods.
aldultYou can add other boring content,easily digestible foodWhen diarrhea symptoms improve. This includes:
- Grilled Skinless Chicken Breasts
- plain cereal
- baked beans
- Chicken Soup with Salt
KinderPatients with mild diarrhea and no vomiting can continue eating normally. If your child starts vomiting and their diarrhea gets worse, it's best to contact their doctor.
fermented foodIs a natural source of probiotics. These beneficial bacteria can quickly replace the natural bacteria in the gut that are lost through diarrhea, helping to restore normal gut function.
These foods include:
- mature soft cheese
- cottage cheese
- green olives
- sourdough bread
Kimchi is another popular fermented food, but it contains spices that may worsen diarrhea.
If you have diarrhea, it's best to avoid certain dairy products, but not all. Certain dairy products that contain live probiotics, such as yogurt or kefir (both also fermented), are very beneficial.
Certain foods can make diarrhea worse. Do not eat or drink any food or drinkcause gas,For example:
- fried and other fatty foods
- High-fiber cereal products, such as bran, whole grains, and brown rice
- carbonated beverages, such as soda or sparkling water
- Cruciferous vegetables, such as cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower
- Foods sweetened with sorbitol
One of the biggest problems with diarrhea is dehydration. Loose stools deplete your body's stores of water and electrolytes, as well as minerals like sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. This affects the normal functioning of the body, which can have serious consequences, especially in young children.
To control mild diarrhea, you need to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
clear liquid and milk
aldultYou should drink plenty of water, clear juice or clear soup.
Children, Toddlers & BabiesFor mild diarrhea without vomiting, he can continue to drink his usual drink, whether it's breast milk, cow's milk, or formula.
Adults can drink beverages that contain electrolytes. Children's rehydration drinks can be given when young children have mild diarrhea and vomiting.These products are sold under certain brand names, such as:
Some people want to avoid artificial colors or flavors in some rehydration drinks. You can make your own rehydration drink using just salt, sugar, and water (adults only).
You can also buy oral rehydration salts over the counter at most pharmacies. Follow preparation instructions as directed.
Some specific types of beverages are used as home remedies for diarrhea. These include rice water and certain herbal teas.
This diarrhea remedy is usually recommended for infants, but it can also help adults. The slightly starchy solution not only provides nutrients but also binds.
Studies have shown that rice water reduces the frequency of loose stools better than electrolyte solutions.
Prepare rice water:
- Mix 1 to 2 cups of water with 1/2 cup of white or brown rice (do not use instant rice).
- Cook for 10 minutes or until the water looks cloudy.
- Drain, reserving the water and chilling.
Rice water can be drunk two to three times a day, one cup.
The following herbal teas may be helpful, whether served hot or iced:
- Chamomile tea:Combining chamomile with other herbs like star anise may help relieve upset stomach and diarrhea, but research on this is limited.
- green tea:Green tea has been shown to reduce the incidence of diarrhea in people undergoing radiation therapy for cancer.
- Lemongrass Tea:Some small, older studies have found that tea from lemongrass stems and leaves may help relieve diarrhea.
drinks to avoid
If you want to stop diarrhea quickly, it's best to avoid the following laxative drinks:
- caffeinated beverages
- Cranberry juice
- sugary drinks
It's also a good idea to avoid dairy products if you're lactose intolerant.
Drugs that stop diarrhea quickly
Over-the-counter medicines that can help stop diarrhea at home include:
- Pepto-Bismol or Kaopectat (bismuth subsalicylate)
- Immodium (loperamide), for frequent or severe diarrhea, not occasional diarrhea
For severe diarrhea, your doctor may prescribe medicines to help treat the cause of the diarrhea, such as:
- Fighting parasites when an infection causes diarrhea
Dietary Supplements That May Relieve Diarrhea
Live bacteria and yeast in fermented foods are also availableProbiotic food supplements. Probiotics can help shorten mild diarrhea naturally.
Some useful probiotics include:
- Lactic acid bacteriabacteria
- Saccharomyces boulardii（Streptococcus boulardii) yeast, especially effective against diarrhea
Side effects of probiotics, whether in food or supplement form, are usually mild and may include stomach upset, gas, and gas.
Some other dietary supplements have also been touted as anti-diarrhea medications, although research is limited. Plus, they're not safe for everyone. Talk to your doctor before trying these or any other dietary supplements:
- Glutamine:Glutamine is an important amino acid that the body uses to make proteins. Some research suggests that glutamine supplementation may help people with diarrhea after a gastrointestinal infection.
- Agrimony:This herb is sometimes recommended to treat diarrhea. It can also affect your blood pressure and thin your blood. So, talk to your doctor before trying this remedy.
- Barberry, Oregon Grape, and ButtercupContains berberine, which can help treat diarrhea caused by viruses or bacteria. Avoid these medicines if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Hydebeer excerpt:The herb also thins the blood and may interact with diabetes medications.
- Blackberry or raspberry leaves:These are supposed to help "dry" the intestinal mucosa. Avoid these treatments if you are pregnant.
How Homeopathy Can Treat Diarrhea Symptoms
When to Seek Medical Help
You should never ignore diarrhea. Call your doctor or pharmacist if you have loose stools for more than two days.
On the other hand, if you or your child has persistent or severe diarrhea or signs of dehydration (listed below), you should seek emergency medical attention right away.
Babies younger than 3 months who develop diarrhea should go to a doctor or emergency room right away. Do not wait or try to treat this condition at home.
signs of dehydration in adults
diarrhea for three days or more
severe abdominal pain
black tar stool
Fever over 102 degrees Fahrenheit
little or no urination
dry skin and mouth
blood or pus in the stool
signs of dehydration in children
diarrhea for more than 24 hours
No wet diapers within three hours
Fever over 102 degrees Fahrenheit, or over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit in infants 3 months or younger
dry mouth or tongue
cry without tears
black tar stool
sunken cheeks or eyes
Skin does not retract when squeezed
blood or pus in the stool
severe abdominal pain
possible causes of loose stools
To treat diarrhea and feel better sooner, try eating only bland foods for a while, staying hydrated, and consuming probiotic-rich foods or supplements. Over-the-counter medicines can also help.
Always consult your doctor if your diarrhea does not go away within two days.
Seek emergency medical attention right away if you develop symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, blood in your stool, or signs of dehydration.
frequently asked questions
What foods should you eat when you have diarrhea?
The best options are bland, low-fiber foods. Low-fiber foods include potatoes, white rice, bananas, apples, fish, and skinless chicken or turkey. Making dietary changes and drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration can help treat diarrhea symptoms more quickly.
Why do I have diarrhea after drinking alcohol?
Certain beverages, such as alcohol, coffee, and prune juice, have a laxative effect and may cause diarrhea. Soda, like cola, can aggravate diarrhea.
How to prevent diarrhea?
Diarrhea may not be completely prevented, but the following steps can reduce the risk of diarrhea:
- Observe proper hygiene. Washing your hands regularly throughout the day can reduce the spread of viruses that cause diarrhea.
- Get vaccinated against rotavirus, a gastrointestinal infection that can cause diarrhea and dehydration.
- Avoid spoiled food, store food at recommended temperatures, and cook food at recommended temperatures.
- When traveling to other countries, do not drink tap water unless you know it is safe.
Is it better to stop the diarrhea or let it go?
If the diarrhea is mild, goes away within a few days, and shows no signs of dehydration, it can be passed. If it becomes serious, see your doctor. It is important to contact the doctor if your baby develops diarrhea.
10 Causes of Sudden or Chronic Diarrhea